The test cases provide generation and evolution of focused waves in intermediate water depth generated using piston type wave-maker theory with second order correction. Generation of focused waves using superimposition of linear paddle displacements leads to generation of spurious free sub and super harmonics, which can influence the shape and energy distribution over frequency. This is particularly important while studying interaction with structures and wave-breaking. The second order solution for the boundary value problem is provided by Schaffer (1996) to suppress spurious free waves. This dataset provides a validation for focused wave spectrum with three different bandwidths.
The experiments were performed using a wave tank in the Franzius-Institute Laboratory, Hannover, Germany. The tank is 110.0m long, 2.2m wide, and 2.0m deep with a computer-controlled hydraulically driven piston type wave-maker at one end of the tank. The tank was filled with fresh water to a working depth (d) of 0.7m. Temporal variations of the free surface elevation at desired locations in the wave flume were recorded by six capacitance wave gauges. One wave gauge was fixed at 4.835m distance from the wave paddle, whereas the other five wave gauges were mounted on a movable trolley at a spacing of 0.2m. Relying on the high repeatability of the experiments surface elevation measurements a minimum of 15 stations along the wave tank could be achieved for each of the test cases, by moving the trolley to different positions and repeating the experiment. The repeatability of the experiments was confirmed by comparing the surface elevation measurements at the fixed wave gauge location (i.e. at 4.835m). The differences in surface elevations for every run were within a range of ±1.5%.
Experimental Test Program
For this study the theoretical location of the focussing point is set to 21m from the wave paddle. However the actual focussing location will be after the theoretical location as explained in Sriram (2015). The central frequency (fc) for all the test cases presented here is set to 0.68 Hz with three different frequency bandwidth ratios (Δf/fc), in each case divided in 32 packets (Nf). The steepness of the wave is controlled by setting the gain to the input signal (Ga). For the current test case only non-breaking cases are presented. The time at which the wave-group reaches the focussing point is given by tf.
The description of the three test cases is given below:
The .mat data file for each test case contains 5 variables:
|wmt||Paddle signal time array||sec|
|wmd||Paddle displacement array||meter|
|wpl||Wave-probe location from wave-maker||meter|
|wpt||Wave-probe signal time array||sec|
|wpd||Wave-elevation signal for each wave-probe||meter|
A detailed comparison of the focused wave generated for the above test cases using linear and second order wave-maker theory can be found in the article Sriram (2015). It also presents comparison of the above results with a Fully Non-linear Potential Theory (FNPT) based FEM code in 2D base don the work presented in Sriram (2006).
Relevant Case files:
- Schäffer, H. A. (1996). Second-order wavemaker theory for irregular waves. Ocean Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-8018(95)00013-B
- Sriram, V., Schlurmann, T., & Schimmels, S. (2015). Focused wave evolution using linear and second order wavemaker theory. Applied Ocean Research, 53, 279–296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2015.09.007
- Sriram, V., Sannasiraj, S. A., & Sundar, V. (2006). Simulation of 2-D nonlinear waves using finite element method with cubic spline approximation. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 22(5), 663–681. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2006.02.007